In 1901, Australia’s separate colonies merged to establish the Commonwealth of Australia. The Commonwealth of Australia enacted the Australian Constitution, which created all of Australia’s primary democratic machinery, including the courts, government, and Parliament. The country had a population of about 4,000,000 people at the time, while Indigenous peoples were not counted in any figures until 1967. Migration levels varied over the first 50 years of the twentieth century. A number of prominent program’s provided British migrants incentives to settle in Australia. Following WWII, which displaced millions of refugees, many European migrants opted to rebuild their lives in Australia.
In recent decades, a broader range of individuals have decided to call Australia home, whether to start new lives, raise families, or flee harsh governments, wars, and natural catastrophes. This has made Australia significantly more diversified than it was previously and has enabled the country to build relationships with people from all around the world. Australia strives to appreciate and celebrate variety while also encouraging unity and cohesion. English is the official language of Australia, and anybody becoming an Australian citizen is highly urged to acquire and speak the language in order to integrate with their new home and take advantage of the educational and employment possibilities available. However, the country understands the importance of various languages.